Coriander Seeds are easy to grow, and this way, you can enjoy a fresh supply of this herb right at your windowsill!
Coriander Seeds are the plant’s dried fruits. The seeds are small, round, and brownish in color, with a slightly sweet, citrusy flavor. They are popular spices and are a major part of the spice blends, such as garam masala and curry powder. Read ahead to learn more!
Coriander Seeds Information
Coriander seeds are the small, round, yellow-brown seeds of the cilantro plant, which is also known as the coriander plant. They have a mild, sweet, and slightly citrus flavor. The seeds are often used in Indian, Middle Eastern, and Mexican cooking.
They are a common ingredient in curry powders, garam masala, and other spice blends and are also often used to flavor soups, stews, and sauces. Coriander seeds can also be ground into a powder and used as a seasoning for meats, vegetables, and eggs.
Botanical Name: Coriandrum sativum
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How to Grow Coriander Seeds in India?
Get fresh Coriander Seeds from the nursery and follow these steps;
- Soak the seeds overnight and sow them directly into the soil or seed trays at a depth of 1-2 cm and 10-15 cm apart.
- Water regularly, but not excessively. Over-watering can lead to root rot, so ensuring the soil is well-drained is essential.
- Apply a balanced fertilizer with equal parts of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium (NPK) every 4-6 weeks.
- Once the seedlings have grown to 10-15 cm, thin them out to a 15-20 cm distance between each plant.
- You can harvest the leaves 25-30 days after sowing.
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Requirements to Grow Coriander Seeds
Coriander seeds need full sun to germinate and will grow best in a location that receives at least 6 hours of direct sunlight daily. They can tolerate partial shade but will not produce as much foliage or have as many flowers.
The plant grows best in fertile, well-drained soil with a pH between 6.3 and 6.8. The soil should be kept moist but not soggy. Adding a few inches of compost or aged manure before planting can help to improve the soil’s fertility and drainage.
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Coriander seeds require plenty of water, especially during their early stages of growth. Keep the growing medium moist but not soggy, and never let it dry out completely.
When watering coriander, be sure to water deeply, allowing the water to penetrate the soil and come out of drainage holes of the container.
Coriander grows best in a temperate climate, with average temperatures ranging from 15°C to 32°C.
Coriander Seeds Care
A balanced fertilizer such as 10-10-10 or 5-10-10 will help the Coriander seeds sprout well and produce more leaves. For container plants, use a balanced liquid fertilizer every two weeks.
Additionally, side-dressing the plants with compost or manure tea will help promote strong and healthy growth.
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Pests and Diseases
• Downy mildew
• Sclerotinia blight
• Bacterial leaf spot
• Fusarium wilt
To control the issues, use insecticidal soap or a neem oil solution. Make sure to expose the plant to plenty of air circulation and dappled light to keep most of the disease at bay.
Harvesting Coriander Seeds
You can harvest the seeds in late summer or early autumn when the plant fully matures. Start harvesting when the plant is dry, and the green seed pods turn brown and start to split open.
To harvest, cut the stems of the plant off near the base and place them in a paper or cloth bag. Shake the bag gently to loosen the seed pods from the stems. Once the seeds have been harvested, allow them to dry in a warm, dry place for a few days before storing them. Store the coriander seeds in an airtight container in a cool, dry place.