How to Grow Holoptelea Integrifolia | Indian Elm Care

Published on: 13.11.2023

Holoptelea Integrifolia stands tall as a symbol of resilience and healing in Indian Subcontinental landscapes. Here’s how to grow them.

Holoptelea Integrifolia, also known as the Indian elm, is a deciduous tree native to the Indian subcontinent. It is a hardy tree that can thrive in various soil and weather conditions, making it a valuable species for many applications. This versatile tree has medicinal and industrial uses and environmental and cultural significance. Here’s some information about this plant.

Holoptelea Integrifolia – Key Facts

NameHoloptelea Integrifolia
Common NamesAavel, Aavil, Avelkurunnu, Njettaval, Njetavil, Indian elm, Jungle cork tree, Kanju
OriginIndian subcontinent, Indo-China and Myanmar
TypeDeciduous Tree
SoilWell Drained
Temperature23° C to 25° C
SunlightFull Sunlight to Partial Shade
FlowerGreenish-Yellow to Brownish
Blooming SeasonFebruary-March
Height10 – 15 feet

Holoptelea Integrifolia Information

The plant can grow up to 10-15 feet tall and is a deciduous tree. The tree produces small, inconspicuous flowers. These flowers are typically greenish-yellow and arranged in clusters. The fruits of Holoptelea Integrifolia are small, winged samaras. They have a papery wing that aids in wind dispersal. The fruit clusters are light and flutter down from the tree when mature.

The leaves are simple, alternate, and have serrated margins. They are broadly elliptic or ovate, with a pointed tip and a rounded or slightly heart-shaped base. Holoptelea Integrifolia is native to the Indian subcontinent and is widely distributed across India. It is a common tree in various types of forests, from dry deciduous to moist.

The tree has ecological significance as it provides shade and is a source of timber. Additionally, various parts of the tree are used in traditional medicine. In traditional medicine, different parts of the Holoptelea Integrifolia tree are used for treating various ailments. The bark, leaves, and seeds have reported medicinal properties.

Common names for the Holoptelea Integrifolia in different Indian languages include:

Hindi: चिलबिल (Chilbil), चील्बिल (Cheelbil), जल (Jal)
Bengali: নঙ্গল (Nangal)
Telugu: పనిస (Panisa), వనిస (Vanisa)
Marathi: चिलबिल (Chilbil), अरांबा (Aramba)
Tamil: ஆரண்பு (Arampu)
Urdu: جل (Jal), چلبل (Chilbil)

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How to Grow Holoptelea Integrifolia

You can grow Holoptelea Integrifolia from seeds and enjoy the benefits of this versatile tree. Here are the steps to grow them from seeds.

  • Holoptelea Integrifolia seeds can be collected from fruits that are mature. The seeds are small and light brown.
  • The seeds should be sown immediately after collection, as they lose their viability quickly.
  • Holoptelea Integrifolia requires regular watering until the plants become established.
  • It does not require much fertilizer. However, after establishing the seedlings, a balanced fertilizer can be applied in small quantities.
  • When the seedlings are about 10 to 12 cm tall, they can be transplanted into larger containers or the ground at a distance of about 3 meters.

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Requirements to Grow Holoptelea Integrifolia


Holoptelea Integrifolia thrives in full sunlight but can also grow in partial shade. It is a hardy plant that can tolerate many light conditions, but full sunlight is ideal for optimal growth and development.


It prefers well-draining, sandy loam soil with a pH of 6.0 to 8.5. The ground should be well-aerated, as the root system needs to access oxygen.

Removing any weeds and debris before planting and loosening the soil to a depth of 30 to 40 cm is also essential. This will help the roots to penetrate deeply into the soil and access the nutrients they need.


Holoptelea Integrifolia requires regular watering till mature. Water the seedlings once or twice a week, depending on the weather conditions.

Once established, the tree can tolerate drought but requires occasional watering during dry spells.

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They can grow in various temperatures, from 10°C to 40°C. However, it prefers temperatures between 23°C and 25°C. Extreme temperatures can damage the plant, so protecting it from heat or cold is vital.

Holoptelea Integrifolia Care



Th plant does not require much fertilizer. However, apply a balanced fertilizer in small quantities after establishing the seedlings. Prefer organic fertilizers, as they release nutrients slowly and improve soil health.


Prune the tree to remove dead or diseased branches or shape it as desired. Pruning during the dormant season is optimum, which is usually during winter.

It is important not to prune too much, as this can damage the tree and reduce its overall health. Holoptelea Integrifolia requires minimal pruning.

Pests and Diseases

It is generally resistant to pests and diseases. However, it may be susceptible to aphids, caterpillars, and scale insects.

Proper watering and soil drainage can prevent most diseases, and pruning can help remove infected branches. Insecticides can be used to control pests, but they should be used sparingly to avoid harming beneficial insects.

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