How To Grow Golden Bamboo | Phyllostachys aurea Care

Learn the secrets of growing beautiful and healthy Golden Bamboo in your garden with our article.  Follow our step-by-step instructions and guide!

Golden Bamboo

Golden Bamboo is a popular plant that can add a touch of elegance to any garden or landscape. However, growing golden bamboo can be a bit tricky if you’re not familiar with the plant’s needs and requirements. In this blog post, we will explore some tips and tricks to help you out!

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Golden Bamboo Scientific Name

Golden Bamboo scientific name is Phyllostachys aurea.

Golden Bamboo Information

Golden Bamboo is native to China and widely grown in many parts of the world. The plant is prized for its striking golden yellow stems and can reach heights of up to 30-40 feet tall.

However, its rapid growth and aggressive spreading can be a problem for gardeners and landscapers. It is important to control golden bamboo by regularly pruning and removing any spreading rhizomes to prevent it from taking over an area. While it may be a beautiful addition to a garden or landscape, care must be taken to ensure it is properly managed.

Common Names: Fishpole bamboo

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How to Propagate Golden Bamboo?

To propagate golden bamboo you have a few options. The most common methods include division, rhizome cuttings, and culm cuttings. Here’s a step-by-step guide for Division method:

  1. Choose a mature golden bamboo plant that has multiple culms (stems) and is at least three years old.
  2. In early spring, when the plant starts to show new shoots, dig around the base of the plant to expose the rhizomes.
  3. Use a sharp spade or shovel to divide the rhizomes, ensuring that each division has several culms and a healthy root system.
  4. Gently separate the divisions, taking care not to damage the roots.
  5. Plant the divisions in prepared soil or pots filled with well-draining compost. Make sure the divisions are planted at the same depth they were previously growing.
  6. Water the newly planted divisions thoroughly and keep the soil consistently moist until they establish.

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Requirements to Grow Golden Bamboo

Golden Bamboo 2


Golden bamboo thrives in full sun or partial shade. It is important to provide the plant with at least 6 hours of direct sunlight daily. However, it can tolerate some shade, especially during the hottest part of the day.

If you live in a region with intense summer heat, partial shade can help protect the plant from scorching.


The plant prefers well-draining soil that is rich in organic matter. It should have a loose texture that allows water to flow freely and prevents waterlogging. Adding compost or well-rotted manure to the soil before planting will improve its fertility and drainage.

The ideal pH range for golden bamboo is slightly acidic to neutral, around 6.0 to 7.0.


Golden bamboo requires regular watering to keep the soil consistently moist. During the growing season, it is important to provide ample water to support the plant’s rapid growth.

Water deeply and thoroughly, ensuring that the soil is moist but not waterlogged. Avoid allowing the soil to dry out completely, as it can cause stress to the plant.

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The plant is adaptable to a wide range of temperatures but prefers a subtropical to tropical climate. It can tolerate temperatures ranging from 15°C to 35°C. In regions with cooler climates, it may become dormant or slow down its growth during winter.

Golden Bamboo Care



Golden bamboo benefits from regular fertilization to maintain its vigor and lush growth. Apply a balanced, slow-release fertilizer in early spring before new growth begins.

Look for a fertilizer specifically formulated for bamboo or choose one with a nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium (N-P-K) ratio of around 10-10-10. Follow the package instructions for application rates and timing.


Pruning is essential for maintaining the health and aesthetic appeal. Remove dead, damaged, or overcrowded culms (stems) to allow space and resources for new growth.

Prune during the dormant period, which is typically in late winter or early spring before the new shoots emerge. Use clean, sharp pruning tools to make clean cuts, and dispose of the pruned material properly.

Pests and Diseases

Monitor the plant regularly for common pests such as aphids, spider mites, and bamboo scale. These pests can cause damage to the foliage and reduce the plant’s vigor.

Treat infestations promptly with appropriate insecticides or insecticidal soaps, following the instructions carefully. Additionally, watch out for fungal diseases like root rot and leaf spot.

To prevent these diseases, ensure good drainage, avoid overwatering, and provide adequate air circulation around the plant.

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