Erythrina Indica is a beautiful tree that is a must-have in every garden, thanks to its array of bright red flowers!
Erythrina Indica is popular as the Indian Coral Tree in India and is really popular for its superb blooms! If you want a specimen that gets laden with flowers, then it is the one to grow!
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Erythrina Indica Information
Also known as the Lenten tree, Erythrina Indica is a species of flowering tree in the Fabaceae family. It is native to the Indian subcontinent, Southeast Asia, and northern Australia. The tree typically grows up to 15-20 meters tall and has a broad, spreading crown. The leaves are large, green, and trifoliate, with each leaflet measuring up to 15-20 cm long. The tree blooms in the winter and spring, producing clusters of bright red or orange flowers about 5-7 cm long.
Erythrina Indica is known for its medicinal properties. The bark, leaves, and flowers contain alkaloids and other bioactive compounds with antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and antimicrobial properties. Traditional medicine uses various parts of the tree to treat ailments like inflammation, pain, fever, and skin diseases.
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How to Grow Erythrina Indica?
Here are some general steps for growing Erythrina Indica from seeds:
- The first step is to collect mature seeds from a healthy Erythrina Indica tree. The best time to collect the seeds is in the dry season when the pods are dry and brown. Soak the seeds in warm water for 24 hours. This will help soften the seed coat and improve germination rates.
- The plant prefers well-draining soil, so prepare a pot or planting bed with a mix of garden soil, sand, and organic matter like compost or peat moss.
- Plant the seeds 1-2 inches deep in the soil, with the pointed end facing down. If planting in a pot, use a pot at least 10-12 inches deep.
- Erythrina Indica seeds require warm temperatures and bright, indirect light to germinate. Place the pot or planting bed in a warm, sunny location, like a windowsill or greenhouse.
- The seeds can take anywhere from 1-3 months to germinate. Be patient and keep the soil moist during this time.
- Once the seedlings have grown to 4-6 inches, they can be transplanted to their permanent location outdoors. Harden off the seedlings by gradually exposing them to outdoor conditions before planting them in the ground.
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Requirements to Grow Erythrina Indica
Erythrina Indica grows best in full sun and can tolerate partial shade. It does not thrive in the shade, however, and may not produce flowers and fruit if grown without adequate sun exposure.
The tree prefers well-drained soils that are neutral to slightly acidic, with a pH range of 6.0 to 7.0. The soil should be loose and rich in organic matter such as compost, manure, and leaf mold. It can tolerate some salinity, but it does not do well in overly wet or waterlogged soils.
Erythrina Indica is a drought-tolerant tree and does not require much water. It prefers dry soil and can tolerate short periods of drought. The tree can also handle occasional watering during dry periods. It is best to give the tree enough water to keep the soil slightly moist but not saturated, as this can lead to root rot.
The optimal temperature for Erythrina Indica is between 10°C and 35°C. Temperatures lower than 10°C can cause the plant to become dormant.
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Erythrina Indica Care
When fertilizing Erythrina Indica, it is important to use a balanced fertilizer with an N-P-K ratio of 10-10-10 is recommended, as this ratio will provide all the essential nutrients the plant needs.
It is best to apply this fertilizer every three to four months during the growing season, usually in spring and summer, when the plant is actively growing. If you wish to use organic fertilizer, a balanced combination of cow manure and compost should be used.
Erythrina Indica can be pruned to maintain a desired shape and size. Remove dead or diseased branches and thin out crowded branches to improve air circulation. Prune in the dormant season or after flowering.
Pests and Diseases
Treat infestations with insecticidal soap or horticultural oil. Treat infections with fungicides if necessary. Prevent fungal diseases by avoiding overhead watering, improving air circulation, and maintaining good sanitation practices.