How to Grow Elephant Foot Yam in India

Last Updated: 19.10.2023

 Elephant Foot Yam, popular as Suran ki Sabzi in India, is easy to cultivate and can give you a plenty of harvest for the entire family!


Elephant Foot Yam


Elephant foot yam is one of the most interesting types of root vegetables you can have in your garden. In this blog, we will teach you everything you need to know about growing this veggie!

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About Elephant Foot Yam 

Elephant Foot Yam is a tropical tuber crop that is widely grown in Asia and Africa. It is a member of the Araceae family and is similar in appearance to a small tree trunk. The tubers are elongated, with creamy white to yellow flesh.

The tubers are a a good source of carbohydrates, dietary fiber, and various vitamins and minerals. It is low in fat and calories, making it a healthy food option. Elephant Foot Yam is a versatile ingredient that can be cooked in a variety of ways, such as boiling, frying, or roasting. It is commonly used in stews, curries, soups, and as a thickening agent for sauces. In some cultures, it is also used to make traditional snacks, desserts, and fermented products. 

Elephant Foot Yam has been used in traditional medicine for centuries to treat a variety of ailments. It is believed to have anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, and antioxidant properties, and may be helpful in managing conditions such as diabetes, arthritis, and respiratory infections. 

Botanical Name: Amorphophallus paeoniifolius 

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How to Propagate Elephant Foot Yam?
  1. Firstly, collect fresh Elephant Foot Yam seeds. 
  2. Prepare well-drained, fertile soil. 
  3. Soak the seeds overnight before planting. 
  4. Sow the seeds 1 cm deep in the soil, spacing them about 20-30 cm apart. 
  5. Keep the soil moist and provide regular fertilization and mulching. 
  6. Transplant the seedlings to their permanent growing location once they have developed several leaves. 
  7. Provide shade to the seedlings in hot and dry areas. 
  8. Lastly, monitor the plants for disease and pests and provide ongoing care as needed. 

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Requirements to Grow Elephant Foot Yam

Elephant Foot Yam 2


The plants require at least 4-6 hours of direct sunlight every day to grow and produce a good harvest. However, in some parts of India, particularly in hot and dry areas, it may be necessary to provide some shade to the plants to prevent them from getting overheated and stressed.

This can be achieved by planting the seedlings under trees or other shade-giving plants or by using shade cloth. 


Elephant Foot Yam requires well-drained soil with a pH between 5.5 and 7.5. The soil should be fertile and rich in organic matter, such as compost or manure.

Additionally, avoid planting in heavy or clay soils as this can result in poor root development and stunted growth. 


Elephant Foot Yam requires consistent moisture to germinate and grow. The soil should be kept moist but not waterlogged, as excess water can cause the seeds to rot. Water the plants well when the topsoil feels a little dry to the touch. Avoid moistening the growing medium on a daily basis.


Elephant Foot Yam seeds require warm temperatures between 20°C and 35°C to germinate and grow. The plants prefer a warm and humid environment, so it is important to keep the soil moist and provide regular misting or watering.

Avoid planting in areas with extreme heat or cold, as this can cause the plants to wilt or die. 

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Elephant Foot Yam Care


Elephant Foot Yam seeds require regular fertilization to ensure healthy growth and development. Apply a balanced fertilizer, such as 10-10-10 or 14-14-14, once in 6-8 weeks, after diluting it to 1/2 of its strength. his will result in long and thick tubers!


Elephant Foot Yam plants require little pruning except for removing any dead or damaged leaves or stem. Removing any large leaves or stems can also promote air circulation and prevent the spread of diseases. 

Pest and Disease 

Common pests that can affect Elephant Foot Yam plants in India include mealybugs, spider mites, and aphids. Control pests by regularly inspecting the plants and removing any affected leaves or stems.

Common diseases include bacterial soft rot, leaf spot, and root rot. Prevent diseases by planting in well-drained soil, providing good air circulation, and avoiding overwatering.

Additionally, treat diseases with fungicides or bactericides as recommended by a local agricultural extension office. 

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