How to Grow Dracaena Angustifolia

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Published on: 11.09.2023
Sakshi Kasat
Written by
Sakshi Kasat, an indoor gardener and content creator from Indore, India, transitioned from teaching to follow her gardening passion during the pandemic. She's an expert in indoor gardening, with over 150 articles published. Her favorite plant, the Peace Lily, reflects her mission to inspire others. In gardening and writing, she finds pure inspiration and contentment.

Discover the perfect touch of nature with this stunning and easy-to-maintain houseplant. Read on to learn How to Grow Dracaena Angustifolia

Dracaena Angustifolia
Dracaena Angustifolia2

This miraculous plant always steals the spotlight when it has its place in your garden. The Narrow-Leaf Dragon Tree is known for its stunning foliage as well as its medicinal properties used to help people with asthma and short breathlessness. The leaves are also boiled and the juice is squeezed out and given to those suffering from weight loss and poor appetite. Continue reading to gain ample knowledge about this fabulous easy to grow plant and you may then learn How to Grow Dracaena Angustifolia in your very own garden.

Learn about 18 beautiful flowers that grow in dry soil like Dracaena Angustifolia here


Dracaena Angustifolia Information

Dracaena Angustifolia is a striking and versatile houseplant that is highly sought after for its slender, elongated leaves. Native to tropical regions, this variety of Dracaena is characterized by its tall, upright stems adorned with glossy, lance-shaped leaves that feature a rich green coloration. The Dracaena Angustifolia plant can vary in size and height, but it typically ranges from 1 to 6 feet (30 to 180 centimeters) in height, depending on its variety and growing conditions.

Dracaena Angustifolia is primarily grown in the central and southern regions of India. The Dracaena Angustifolia is known for its adaptability to various light conditions, making it an excellent choice for indoor environments with limited sunlight. It is also known for its air-purifying properties, helping to improve the quality of indoor air by removing harmful toxins.

Botanical Name: Dracaena Angustifolia

Common Names: Narrow-Leaf Dragon Tree

The Dracaena Angustifolia plant is known by different names in various Indian languages:

Hindi: Draksh (द्राक्ष)
Bengali: Draksha (দ্রাক্ষ)
Tamil: Munthiri (முந்திரி)
Telugu: Drakshakaya (ద్రాక్షకాయ)
Kannada: Drakshi (ದ್ರಾಕ್ಷಿ)
Malayalam: Munthiri (മുന്തിരി)
Marathi: Draksha (द्राक्ष)
Gujarati: Draksha (દ્રાક્ષ)
Punjabi: Draksha (ਦਰਾਕਸ਼)
Urdu: Draksha (دراکش)


Propagation of Dracaena Angustifolia

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The Dracaena Angustifolia, can be propagated through stem cuttings. Here are the steps to propagate it:

  • Select a healthy parent plant:

Choose a mature and healthy Dracaena Angustifolia with strong stems and vibrant foliage for the best chances of successful propagation.

  • Prepare the cutting:

Using a clean and sharp pair of pruning shears, cut a stem from the parent plant. Aim for a stem that is about 4-6 inches in length and has several leaves attached to it. Make a clean cut just below a leaf node (the point where a leaf connects to the stem).

  • Remove lower leaves:

Trim off the lower leaves on the cutting, leaving only a few leaves at the top. This helps to redirect the plant’s energy towards root development rather than sustaining the leaves.

  • Optional:

Apply a rooting hormone (optional): You can dip the cut end of the stem into a rooting hormone powder or gel to promote root growth, although it is not necessary for Dracaena Angustifolia propagation.

  • Prepare the planting medium:

Fill a small pot with a well-draining potting mix. A mixture of peat moss, perlite, and vermiculite or a commercial cactus/succulent mix works well.

  • Plant the cutting:

Create a small hole in the planting medium and gently insert the cut end of the stem into the hole, ensuring that at least one node is buried beneath the soil. Firmly press the soil around the cutting to provide stability.

  • Provide optimal conditions:

Place the potted cutting in a warm and bright location with indirect sunlight. Avoid direct sunlight as it can scorch the cutting. Maintain a temperature range of 21-27°C and keep the soil lightly moist but not soggy. Mist the cutting occasionally to increase humidity.

  • Monitor and care for the cutting:

Over the next few weeks, keep a close eye on the cutting for signs of growth. New roots should start to develop within 4-6 weeks. Water the cutting when the top inch of soil feels dry, and avoid overwatering, which can lead to root rot.

  • Transplanting:

Once the cutting has developed a healthy root system, usually after a few months, it can be transplanted into a larger pot or planted outdoors in a suitable location.

Read about the various plants that grow by stem cuttings in India here


Requirements to Grow Dracaena Angustifolia

Dracaena Angustifolia 2
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Sunlight

The Dracaena Angustifolia thrives in bright, indirect sunlight. It prefers a location with moderate to high light levels but can tolerate lower light conditions. Avoid placing it in direct sunlight as it can scorch the leaves. Maintaining the appropriate light conditions will ensure the healthy growth and vibrant foliage of the Narrow Leaf Dragon Tree.

Soil

The Dracaena Angustifolia prefers well-draining soil that retains some moisture but doesn’t become waterlogged. It is adaptable to a range of soil types, including loam, sandy soil, or a mixture of peat moss, perlite, and vermiculite. The soil should have good aeration to prevent waterlogging, which can lead to root rot.

Watering

It is important to keep the soil evenly moist but not waterlogged. Allow the top inch of soil to dry out slightly before watering again. When watering, thoroughly moisten the soil until water drains out from the bottom of the pot, but avoid leaving the plant sitting in standing water.

Temperature

The Dracaena Angustifolia is well adapted to average room temperatures ranging between18°C to 27°C. It prefers a warm and stable environment, avoiding extreme temperature fluctuations. Protect it from drafts, as cold or hot drafts can stress the plant. Avoid exposing it to temperatures below 13°C, as it is sensitive to cold and can suffer damage.

Humidity

The Dracaena Angustifolia requires moderate to high humidity levels, ideally ranging between 50% and 60%. While it can tolerate lower humidity found in typical indoor environments, providing slightly elevated humidity can promote better growth and overall health. You can achieve this by using a humidifier, placing a tray filled with water and pebbles near Dracaena Angustifolia.


Care for Dracaena Angustifolia

Fertilizer

To meet the nutritional needs of the Dracaena Angustifolia, a balanced fertilizer with an NPK ratio of 20-20-20 or similar is suitable. Dilute the fertilizer according to the package instructions and apply it every two to four weeks during the active growing season, ensuring that the soil is moist before fertilizing.

Find out why adding fertilizer is beneficial to any plant here

Pruning

Pruning the Dracaena Angustifolia helps maintain its shape, promote healthy growth, and remove any damaged or diseased foliage. Regular pruning is not necessary, but occasional trimming can be done to control the plant’s size and shape. Use clean and sharp pruning shears to make clean cuts just above a leaf node or at the base of the stem.

Pests and Diseases

Common pests that may affect this plant include spider mites, mealybugs, and scale insects. Spider mites cause stippling and webbing on leaves, while mealybugs and scale insects feed on plant sap, leaving behind sticky residue and causing leaf discoloration. Regularly inspect Dracaena Angustifolia for signs of pests and treat infestations with appropriate insecticidal soaps or horticultural oils.

Additionally, Dracaena Angustifolia can be prone to root rot if overwatered or if the soil doesn’t provide adequate drainage.

Have a glance at how to protect plants from insects and diseases here


Toxicity

Dracaena Angustifolia is considered toxic to pets and humans if ingested. The plant contains compounds called saponins, which can cause gastrointestinal distress, such as vomiting and diarrhea, if consumed. Additionally, the plant’s sap may cause skin irritation in sensitive individuals. It is important to keep Dracaena Angustifolia out of reach of children and pets.

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