Learn how to grow Croton Bonplandianum with easy tips that help you create a lush and vibrant plant that will brighten up any garden!
Explore How to Grow Tabernaemontana Divaricata here
Bonpland croton is a popular tropical plant that can add a dash of color to any garden or indoor space. In this blog post, we’ll explore everything you need to know about growing Croton Bonplandianum, from the best soil type to the right watering techniques. So if you’re ready to add some tropical flair to your living space, keep on reading!
Croton Bonplandianum Information
Croton Bonplandianum is a species of tropical evergreen shrub in the Euphorbia family. This typically grows to a height of 3-4 meters, and has a spreading growth habit. The leaves are large and leathery, measuring up to 40 cm in length and 20 cm in width.
Additionally, they are typically oval-shaped, with a glossy green surface and prominent veins. The flowers are small and yellowish-green in color, and are borne in clusters at the tips of the branches.
Croton Bonplandianum is native to tropical regions of South America, including Brazil, Peru, and Bolivia. Croton Bonplandianum is primarily grown as an ornamental plant, and is valued for its large, attractive leaves. In some parts of South America, the plant is also used for medicinal purposes, such as treating skin conditions and intestinal parasites.
Botanical Name: Croton bonplandianus Baill
Common Names: Bonpland croton or The red spot croton
Here are the common names of Croton bonplandianum in Hindi and their respective native languages:
Hindi: बन तुलसी (Ban Tulsi)
Tamil: பின்னாநெல்லி (Pinnanelli)
Telugu: నల్ల కేసు (Nalla Kesu)
Kannada: ಬೆಕ್ಕಿನಸಂತೆ (Bekkinasante)
Malayalam: നഞ്ഞടക (Nanjadaka)
Marathi: रणघर (Ranaghar)
Bengali: বন তুলসি (Bon Tulsi)
Gujarati: બન તુલસી (Ban Tulas)
Learn How to Grow Tulipa Gesneriana in India here
How to Propagate Croton bonplandianum
Here is the steps to Propogate Croton Bonplandianum easily:
Propagation Through Seeds
- Collect black and shiny Croton Bonplandianum seeds from a healthy plant or purchase the seeds from the reputed resource.
- Fill a pot with a well-draining potting mix and water it gently.
- Place the seeds on top of the soil and don’t cover them.
- Cover the pot with a clear plastic bag or lid.
- Place the pot in a warm, bright area, but not in direct sunlight.
- Check the pot regularly to make sure the soil stays moist, but not too wet.
- In 2-3 weeks, the seeds should germinate and start to grow.
- When the seedlings have a few leaves, transplant them into individual pots or into the ground.
Have a glance at Growing Strobilanthes Kunthiana in India here
Requirements to Grow Croton bonplandianum
Croton Bonplandianum prefers bright, indirect sunlight. It can tolerate some direct sunlight but should not be exposed to it for long periods as it can scorch the leaves.
In general, it is best to place the plant in a spot that receives bright, filtered light for several hours a day. If growing indoors, a south-facing window that receives some shade during the hottest part of the day is a good option. Outdoors, the plant can be grown in a location that is partially shaded, such as under a tree canopy.
This plant grows well in well-draining soil that is rich in organic matter. A good potting mix can be made by mixing equal parts of peat moss, perlite, and vermiculite.
In the ground, Croton Bonplandianum prefers a soil that is slightly acidic to neutral (pH 5.5-7.0).
It prefers soil that is consistently moist but not waterlogged. Additionally, water the plant when the top inch of soil feels dry to the touch. It is important not to let the soil dry out completely, as this can cause leaf drop and other problems.
Croton Bonplandianum grows best in warm temperatures between 18-30°C. It can tolerate a range of temperatures but is sensitive to cold and frost.
In India, the plant can be grown outdoors in most regions except those with very cold winters. Indoors, Croton Bonplandianum can be grown in a warm, humid room or greenhouse.
Have a look at How to Grow Wedelia Chinensis in India here
Croton Bonplandianum Care
Croton Bonplandianum benefits from regular fertilization during the growing season. A balanced, water-soluble fertilizer can be applied every 2-3 weeks.
It is important not to over-fertilize the plant, as this can cause leaf burn and other problems.
The plant can be pruned to maintain its shape and size. In addition, it is best to prune the Croton Bonplandianum in late winter or early spring before new growth begins.
Use clean, sharp shears to remove any dead, damaged or diseased branches. In addition, you can also prune back the tips of the branches to encourage bushier growth.
Pests and Diseases
Croton Bonplandianum can be susceptible to spider mites, mealybugs, and scale insects. Regularly inspect the plant for signs of pests, such as webbing, yellowing leaves or sticky residue on the leaves. If you notice any pests, you can treat the plant with insecticidal soap or neem oil.
The plant can also be susceptible to fungal diseases such as leaf spot and powdery mildew. Additionally, to prevent these diseases, avoid overwatering the plant and make sure there is good air circulation around it. If you notice any signs of disease, remove the affected leaves and treat Croton Bonplandianum with a fungicide spray.