How to Grow Caesalpinia Pulcherrima | Peacock Flower Care

Last Updated: 18.10.2023
Written by
Chandrima, a flower enthusiast and writer at India Gardening with over 5 years of content writing experience. She combines her love for flowers with her background in gardening and literary expertise to create informative content. In addition to her passion for gardening, she's an aspiring traveler and nature lover.

Caesalpinia Pulcherrima is a beautiful plant with attractive red-orange flowers. Here’s all about Peacock Flower Care!

Caesalpinia Pulcherrima

Whether you’re an experienced gardener or just starting out, Caesalpinia Pulcherrima is a plant that is sure to capture your attention with its fiery flowers! Keep on reading to know about how to grow Peacock Flower.

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Caesalpinia Pulcherrima Information

Caesalpinia pulcherrima, commonly known as the Peacock Flower, is a species of flowering shrub in the family Fabaceae. It is native to the Americas and is widely cultivated around the world as an ornamental plant. The plant produces showy, bright orange, red, or yellow flowers that bloom in clusters from late spring to early fall. Its foliage is also attractive, with feathery, fern-like leaves that create a bushy and dense canopy.

Aside from its aesthetic value, Caesalpinia pulcherrima also has medicinal properties and is used in traditional medicine to treat various ailments such as fever, respiratory problems, and skin conditions.

Caesalpinia pulcherrima is a versatile and beautiful plant that is sure to add a splash of color to any garden or green space.

Common Names: Peacock flower or Barbados Pride

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How to Propagate Caesalpinia Pulcherrima?


To propagate Caesalpinia pulcherrima or Red Bird of Paradise, you can follow these steps:

1. Collect seeds: Locate mature seed pods on the plant. Wait until the pods turn brown and dry out. Remove the pods from the plant and extract the seeds.

2. Scarify the seeds: Caesalpinia pulcherrima seeds have a hard outer coat that can inhibit germination. To enhance germination, scarify the seeds by gently nicking or scratching the seed coat with a knife or sandpaper. This allows moisture to penetrate the seed and promote germination.

3. Soak the seeds: Place the scarified seeds in a container and soak them in warm water for 24 hours. This process helps to further soften the seed coat and promote germination.

4. Prepare the planting medium: Fill small pots or seed trays with a well-draining potting mix. You can use a mixture of equal parts perlite, peat moss, and vermiculite.

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5. Sow the seeds: Plant the scarified and soaked seeds in the prepared planting medium. Bury them about half an inch deep in the soil and cover lightly with the potting mix.

6. Provide the right conditions: Place the pots or trays in a warm and bright location with indirect sunlight. Maintain a temperature of around 21-32°C to encourage germination.

7. Keep the soil moist: Water the seeds regularly to keep the soil evenly moist but not waterlogged. Avoid overwatering, as it can lead to rotting.

8. Transplanting: Once Peacock Flower seedlings have grown to a suitable size and have developed a few sets of leaves, you can transplant them into individual pots or to their desired outdoor location. Harden off the seedlings by gradually exposing them to outdoor conditions over a week before planting them outside.

Requirements to Grow Caesalpinia Pulcherrima

Caesalpinia Pulcherrima 2


Caesalpinia pulcherrima requires full sun to thrive. It prefers at least 6-8 hours of direct sunlight per day. Ensure that the plant is placed in a location with ample sunlight exposure.


Peacock Flower prefers well-draining soil. It can tolerate a range of soil types, including sandy or loamy soils. However, it grows best in fertile soil with good organic matter content. Aim for a slightly acidic to neutral soil pH level between 6.0 and 7.5.


Caesalpinia pulcherrima is moderately drought-tolerant once established. However, during the initial stages of growth, it requires regular watering to help the roots establish.

Water the plant deeply and thoroughly, allowing the top inch of soil to dry between watering sessions. Avoid overwatering, as it can lead to root rot.

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Caesalpinia pulcherrima is a tropical plant that thrives in warm temperatures. It is well-suited for growing in the various climate zones of India. Peacock Flower prefers temperatures between 21-32°C (70-90°F). It can tolerate brief periods of higher temperatures but may suffer in prolonged extreme heat or frost conditions.

Additionally, Caesalpinia pulcherrima is a versatile plant that can adapt to different environmental conditions. It is relatively low-maintenance once established and can tolerate some drought and wind. However, providing optimal growing conditions will promote healthier growth and better flowering.

Caesalpinia Pulcherrim Care



Use a balanced liquid fertlizer, diluted to 1/2 of its strength, once in 5-7 weeks. This will be more than enough to promote flowers and boost the overall growth of Peacock Flower.

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Caesalpinia pulcherrima benefits from occasional pruning to maintain its shape and promote bushier growth. Prune the plant in late winter or early spring before new growth begins.

Remove any dead, damaged, or diseased branches. You can also selectively prune branches to control the size and shape of the plant. Make clean cuts just above a node or bud. Regular pruning also helps to rejuvenate Caesalpinia pulcherrima and encourage better flower production.

Pest and Diseases

Caesalpinia pulcherrima is generally resilient to pests and diseases. However, it can occasionally be affected by certain issues. Watch out for common garden pests such as aphids, mealybugs, and spider mites.

Inspect Caesalpinia pulcherrima regularly, especially the undersides of leaves, and take prompt action if pests are detected. Insecticidal soap or neem oil can be effective against these pests. Follow the instructions on the product label for proper application.

The plant can be susceptible to fungal diseases such as leaf spot and root rot, particularly in overly moist conditions. To prevent these issues, avoid overwatering and ensure proper drainage. If necessary, apply a copper-based fungicide according to the manufacturer’s instructions to control fungal diseases.

It’s important to monitor your Caesalpinia pulcherrima regularly for any signs of pests or diseases. Early detection and appropriate action can help keep the plant healthy and vibrant. Additionally, practicing good garden hygiene, such as removing fallen leaves and debris from the base of the plant, can minimize the risk of pests and diseases.

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