How to Grow Brahmi Plant | Bacopa Monnieri Care

Last Updated: 18.10.2023

Find out the Secrets of Growing a Lush and Healthy Brahmi Plant. Learn the Art of Nurturing this Ayurvedic Herb for Optimal Growth.

Brahmi plant

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Are you an avid plant lover looking to expand your collection? Or perhaps someone who is interested in natural remedies and alternative medicine? Regardless of your motivation, you’ll be delighted to know that there is a wonderful herb that can be grown right in your backyard – Brahmi plant. Whether you live in a tropical climate or are blessed with a bright and sunny windowsill, this versatile plant can thrive in a variety of conditions.

Brahmi Plant Information

The Brahmi plant is an herb traditionally used in Ayurvedic medicine to promote cognitive function and reduce stress and anxiety. It is a perennial herb that grows well in wet, marshy environments and is native to India and East Asia. Brahmi leaves are small, succulent, and oblong-shaped with white or light purple flowers that bloom in the summer.

The Brahmi plant typically grows to a height of about 6 to 8 inches (15 to 20 centimeters). It’s a low-lying, creeping herb with small, succulent leaves. Brahmi plant is commonly found in the wetlands and marshy areas of India, especially in regions with a tropical and subtropical climate.

It thrives in states like Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, and parts of North India where there is ample water and moisture, making it suitable for growing in both home gardens and natural habitats. Brahmi plant is a popular ingredient in herbal supplements and is also used in culinary dishes in some regions. It is worth noting that more research is needed to fully understand the potential benefits and side effects of Brahmi plant use in humans.

Botanical Name: Bacopa Monnieri

Common Names: Indian pennywort, Water hyssop, Thyme-leafed gratiola, Herb of grace.

Here are the common names of the Brahmi plant in different Indian languages:

Hindi (हिन्दी): ब्राह्मी
Bengali (বাংলা): জালনেবরি, বকফুল
Tamil (தமிழ்): வல்லாரை, நிர்பிரமி, சுதுகுடி
Telugu (తెలుగు): సరస్వతి చేటికడ్డ, వల్లారి, నిర్బ్రాహ్మి
Marathi (मराठी): जलब्रह्मी
Kannada (ಕನ್ನಡ): ಒಂದೆಲಗ, ವೊಂದೆಲೆಗ್, ಗರಣಿ
Gujarati (ગુજરાતી): જળનેવરી
Oriya (ଓଡ଼ିଆ): ବ୍ରାହ୍ମୀ
Punjabi (ਪੰਜਾਬੀ): ਬ੍ਰਾਹਮੀ
Malayalam (മലയാളം): നിര്‍ബ്രഹ്മി, സരസ്വതി ചെടി
Urdu (اردو): برہمی
Sanskrit (संस्कृतम्): सरस्वती, तिक्तलोणिका

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How to Propagate Brahmi Plant

Propagating a Brahmi plant can be done through various methods, including stem cuttings and seed sowing. Here’s a step-by-step guide for seed sowing method:

Seed Sowing:

  • Collect ripe Brahmi plant seeds from a mature plant. The seeds are tiny and resemble dust particles.
  • Prepare a seed tray or small pots with a well-draining seed-starting mix.
  • Sprinkle the seeds thinly and evenly over the surface of the soil.
  • Lightly press the seeds into the soil, ensuring good contact.
  • Cover the tray or pots with a clear plastic cover or place them inside a plastic bag to create a mini greenhouse effect.
  • Place the tray or pots in a warm location with indirect sunlight.
  • Keep the soil consistently moist but not waterlogged.
  • Germination can take a few weeks, so be patient.
  • Once the seedlings have grown a few inches tall, you can transplant them into individual pots or their permanent location.

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Requirements to grow Brahmi plant

Brahmi plant 2



Brahmi plant prefer bright but indirect sunlight. Provide partial shade or filtered sunlight, avoiding intense, direct sunlight. Place the plant near a window with sheer curtains or in a spot with morning sun and afternoon shade.

If growing indoors, place the plant in a location with bright, indirect light or use fluorescent grow lights. Protect the Brahmi plant from harsh sun and adjust the lighting conditions based on the plant’s response.


It prefer a well-draining soil that retains moisture. A mixture of garden soil, compost, and sand or perlite works well. The pH level of the soil should be slightly acidic to neutral, ranging from 6.0 to 7.5.

Ensure the soil is rich in organic matter to promote healthy growth.

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Brahmi plant have high water requirements and prefer consistently moist soil. However, avoid waterlogged conditions. Water the plant thoroughly whenever the top inch (2.5 cm) of soil feels dry to the touch.

During hot and dry periods, Brahmi may require more frequent watering to prevent the soil from drying out completely.


Brahmi plant thrive in warm to tropical climates, making them well-suited for most regions in India. They prefer temperatures ranging from 18°C to 32°C.

In addition, avoid exposing Brahmi plant to extreme temperature fluctuations, as it can negatively impact their growth and health.

Brahmi Plant Care


Brahmi plants benefit from regular fertilization to support their growth and development. Use a balanced, water-soluble fertilizer with a ratio such as 20-20-20 or 10-10-10. Dilute the fertilizer according to the manufacturer’s instructions and apply it every 2-3 weeks during the growing season.

Alternatively, you can use organic fertilizers like compost or vermicompost to provide nutrients to the plant. Avoid over-fertilization, as it can lead to excessive leaf growth and reduce the plant’s overall vigor.


Pruning is not usually necessary for Brahmi plant, but it can be done to maintain a more compact and bushy shape. If the plant becomes leggy or starts to lose its form, trim back the long stems by cutting just above a leaf node.

Additionally, regular pruning can help stimulate new growth and keep the plant looking neat and healthy.

Pests and Diseases

Brahmi plant are generally resistant to most pests and diseases but can occasionally face a few issues. Common pests include aphids, mealybugs, and whiteflies. Use insecticidal soap or neem oil to treat any infestations. Keep an eye out for signs of leaf spots or fungal diseases.

If detected, remove and destroy affected leaves and improve air circulation around the Brahmi plant. Avoid overwatering, as it can lead to root rot and other fungal problems. Ensure proper drainage and allow the soil to dry slightly between waterings.

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