How to Grow Agarwood Tree in the Garden

Last Updated: 19.10.2023

Agarwood Tree is famous for its uses and fragrance. In this article, we will guide you on how to grow it easily in the garden!

Agarwood Tree


Agarwood Trees are native to Southeast Asia, particularly in countries such as Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Thailand, and Vietnam. They are popular for their fragrant resin and medicinal properties, making them quite a unique addition to any garden.

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Agarwood Tree Information

These trees can grow up to 50-90 feet tall, with a straight trunk and a dense crown of leaves. Agarwood Trees produce the valuble resin as a response to fungal or bacterial infections, insect infestations, or physical injuries. This resin is famous as agarwood, oud, or aloeswood.

They are a common sight in tropical and subtropical forests, often in hilly or mountainous areas. Agarwood Trees are now not as common in the areas around city, as people have cut them down due to the high value of the wood.

Botanical Name: Aquilaria malaccensis

How to Grow Agarwood Tree?

Growing Agarwood Trees can be challenging and requires patience and dedication. It may take several years before the tree produces resin, but with proper care and attention, you can enjoy the fragrant rewards of your efforts.

  • Agarwood Trees grow best in tropical and subtropical regions with high humidity, ample rainfall, and temperatures ranging from 20-35°C. They prefer well-draining soils with a pH between 5.5 and 7.5.
  • Collect the seeds from a mature agarwood tree and clean them.
  • Soak the seeds in water for 24 hours before sowing them in a seedbed or potting soil.
  • Keep the soil moist and place the container in a warm and shaded area.
  • Germination can take between 4 to 8 weeks.

Requirements to Grow Agarwood Tree


Agarwood Trees require full sunlight to grow and thrive. While choosing a spot, make sure it gets direct sunlight for ay least 5-6 hours every day. Growing these trees in a shady spot will restrict their growth and spread.


These trees prefer well-draining soil, rich in organic matter. The growing medium should be slightly acidic, with a pH between 5.5 and 7.5. If the soil is too alkaline, the tree may struggle to absorb nutrients, and its growth and resin production may be negatively affected.


Agarwood Trees require regular watering to maintain healthy growth. Water the tree only when the topsoil feels a little dry to the touch You may have to take care of its watering requirements till it reaches to about 4-5 feet in height. After that, it will take care of its own.


These plants are native to the tropical and subtropical areas and require warm temperatures to thrive. Agarwood Trees prefer temperatures between 20-35°C and cannot tolerate freezing temperatures.

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Agarwood Tree Care

Agarwood Tree 2


Agarwood Trees will benefit from regular feeding. To boost the growth, use a balanced liquid fertilizer, once in 2 months till the tree reaches to a height of 4-5 feet. After that, you don’t have to fertilize it.


Prune Agarwood Trees regularly to maintain their shape and encourage resin production. Do it in the late winter or early spring before new growth begins. Remove dead parts and leaves of the tree to encourage proper air flow and to ensure the sunlight reaches at every part of the tree.

Pests and Diseases

Agarwood Trees are susceptible to various pests and diseases, including termites, wood borers, leaf miners, and fungal infections. Insecticides and fungicides can control pests and diseases.

Also, make sure that it gets proper air circulation and do not grow it in a shady spot.

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Advantages of Agarwood Tree

  • Agarwood Trees are popular for their fragrant resin, which is highly prized in many cultures for its unique scent and medicinal properties. The resin can be used in perfumes, incense, and other fragrant products.
  • The resin is believed to have various medicinal properties, including anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and anti-cancer effects. It is used in traditional medicine practices in many countries.
  • Agarwood Trees have a variety of environmental benefits, including preventing soil erosion, reducing carbon dioxide levels in the atmosphere, and providing habitat for wildlife.
  • These trees have significant economic value in terms of the resin they produce and the timber they provide. Sustainable harvesting and cultivation practices can provide income for communities and support conservation efforts.
  • Agarwood Trees have a long history of cultural significance in many parts of the world, symbolizing status, wealth, and spirituality.
  • They have a striking appearance, with their large evergreen leaves and fragrant flowers. They can be grown as ornamental trees in gardens or parks.
  • Agarwood Trees and their resin have significant research potential, particularly in medicine, fragrance, and conservation biology. Studies on the properties and cultivation of agarwood can lead to discoveries and applications.

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